Advantages of roadways over railways are (i) Construction cost of roads is much lower than railway lines. Before the development of Railways, agriculture was largely subsistence-oriented. (ii) Roads can be constructed easily in hilly terrains and undulating topography. Indian railways have 18 lakh employees 2nd runs 13500 trains daily. Road transport is the only suitable mode of transport for marketing goods in rural places. Advantages: i. (iii) Roadways act as a feeder to other modes of transport, as they provide a link between railway stations, air and sea ports. The costs of the operation are, in general, quite low. The advantages & disadvantages of railway transport. Roads can be constructed easily in hilly terrains and undulating topography. Advantages of roadways over railways are (i) Construction cost of roads is much lower than railway lines. Railways facilitate long distance travel and transport of heavy goods which are not easily transported through motor vehicles. Advantages of rail transport. 9. On the other hand, railways work as a lifeline for the economic growth of a country as they carry raw materials and produced goods from one part of the nation to another on a large scale. (iii) Roadways act as a feeder to other modes of transport, as they provide a link between railway stations, air and sea ports. Flexibility: it is possible to transport varieties of merchandise. Railway transport – road transport. Railway transport occupies a significant role in the transport system of a country because the development of trade, industry and commerce of a country largely depends on the development of railways. Often the cost of transportation over railways is cheaper than roadways and is faster. Lakhs of skilled and unskilled people are employed in operating the railway. Rail freight is often considered to be cheaper than road freight as rail cars can carry larger volumes over greater distances. Railways have commercialized it. Low accident rate; Little pollutant. Rail transport, for example, requires the construction of railway stations, erection of signals and so on. Rail vs Road – Pros and Cons One of the key intermodal relationships has been between rail and road. Large capacity: allows the transport of large quantities of goods over long distances. Road transport. Disadvantages of Road transport. Advantages of Railway Transport: The following are the main advantages of Railway Transport: 1. Road and rail transport are the two modes used for the movement of goods overland and across continents. So, what are the main differences between them? 10. Roadways act as a feeder to other modes of transport, as they provide a link between railway stations, air and sea ports. Road transport is the most commonly used mode of transport for the movement of goods. Employment: Railways are an important source of employment in India. There are lesser chances of loss of goods in transit when shipped through railways. Dependable: The greatest advantage of the railway transport is that it is the most dependable mode of transport as it is the least affected by weather conditions such as rains, fog etc. Advantages of road ways over railways are: Construction cost of roads is much lower than railway lines. (vi) Road transport is also used as a feeder to other modes of transport such as they provide a Iink between railway stations, air and seaports. (ii) Roads can be constructed easily in hilly terrains and undulating topography. Following are the main advantages of Railway transport: 1. Advantages: 1. The overhead expenses are also less in the case of road transport. These notions are not two antagonistic problems, as one may think, but they represent, in fact, a false dilemma. 1. Development of Agriculture: Spread of Railways in India has contributed a great deal to the development of agriculture. Compared to road transport, it avoids the problems of traffic congestion.