The human papilloma virus (HPV) is the name of a family of viruses that affect the skin and moist membranes that line your body, such as those in your cervix, anus, mouth and throat. Most oral cancers look very similar under the microscope and are called squamous cell carcinoma. Cancer Nursing Practice. Reduction in oral intake with weight loss, Assessing alteration in the symmetry, colour and size of the lips, Pigmentation and tenderness of oral mucosa, Increased salivation, possible halitosis, slurred speech and neck masses, Blood-stained sputum and enlarged cervical lymph nodes. Chapter 1. It uses doses of radiation to kill cancerous cells. Head and neck cancer is the 10th most common cancer in the world, and in the United Kingdom, it accounts for 4% of all malignant cancers. 11. For mouth cancer, the aim of surgical treatment is to remove any affected tissue while minimizing damage to the rest of the mouth. Data sources: Research studies, review articles, evidence-based guidelines, web-based material, and clinical experience. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of mouth cancer. Less common types of mouth cancer include: -Oral malignant melanoma – where the cancer starts in cells called melanocytes, which help give skin its color, -Adenocarcinomas – cancers that develop inside the salivary glands, -Red or red and white, patches on the lining of mouth or tongue, -One or more mouth ulcers that do not heal after three weeks, -Swelling in mouth that lasts for more than three weeks, -The lymph nodes (glands) in neck become swollen. The doctor will then cut away a small section of affected tissue and remove it with tweezers. Oropharyngeal cancer is a type of head and neck cancer.Sometimes more than one cancer can occur in the oropharynx and in other parts of the oral cavity, nose, pharynx, larynx (voice box), trachea, or esophagus at the same time. ( Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma). History taking of alcohol intake and smoking. Written by authorities in the fields of head and neck surgical oncology, radiation oncology, reconstructive surgery, dentistry, If the cancer is in its early stages, it may be possible to remove any tumors using a type of laser surgery known as photodynamic therapy (PDT). Head and neck cancer may occur in diverse structures and sites such as the lip, oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, larynx, nasal cavity, and sinuses. Infection with some types of HPV can cause abnormal tissue growth and other changes to the cells, which can lead to the development of cancer. ORAL CANCER MANAGEMENT Dr. Tun Ngwe, AP, DOMS University of Dental Medicine, Yangon 1 TNAugust3,2018 2. -Snus – a type of smokeless tobacco popular in Sweden, which is placed under your upper lip, where it is gradually absorbed into your blood. Gros Islet, St Lucia. play a vital role in providing effective oral care and promoting oral hygiene. A research team in Norway found that previous hematological malignancies were associated with a subsequent diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM), but the overall incidence of previous cancers is not increased for patients with MM. This shift in trend appears to result from changes in adult smoking prevalence, where the proportion of men who smoke has decreased and the proportion of young females w… Oral cancer, a type of mouth cancer, where cancerous tissues grows in the oral cavity . Recent reports suggest that HPV infection affects prognosis. Treat anxiety by providing emotional support, Surgical procedure (Glossectomy, Mandibulectomy and radical neck dissection), There is carcinoma cancer and sarcomas cancer, The lesion on the lips appears as small, firm, painless lump and later breaks down into painful ulcers, The ulcer appears indurated in raised edges, It does not spread easily to other parts of the body, Carcinomas- Are cancers that originate in the lining of the mouth or surface tissues. This review evaluates the state of the science and art of nursing management of acute oral complications of cancer. Cancer patients. Oral cancer occurs in a range of anatomical sites within the oral cavity and pharynx. Oral or mouth cancer most commonly involves the tongue. Oncogenes (genes that causes cancer) are activated as a result of mutation of the DNA. Advantages of radiotherapy include the facts that (1) normal anatomy and function are maintained, and (2) general anesthesiais not needed. This is true for people being treated to try to cure the cancer and for people whose cancer is too advanced to be cured. 16 2.2.3 Oral hygiene practices are supplemented with the use of a Stage 1: The tumor is 2 centimeters (cm) or smaller, and the cancer hasn’t spread to the lymph nodes. Disadvantages mainly include the facts that (1) adverse effects are common; (2) cure is uncommon, especially for large tumors; and (3) subsequent surgery is more difficult and hazardous and survival is reduced further. Betel nuts are mildly addictive seeds taken from the betel palm tree, and are widely used in many southeast Asian communities, such as people of Indian and Sri Lankan origin. Oral Cancer: Diagnosis, Management, and Rehabilitation provides readers with a systematic review of the diagnostic and treatment principles that maximize the outcomes of patients who have been diagnosed with oral cancer. Objectives: To present a clinical update of evidence that applies to the development of a nursing plan of care for the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis related to cytotoxic therapy. Cancer causes major depression of the immune system, making mouth infections more likely. It may also occur on the floor of the mouth, cheek lining, gingiva (gums), lips or palate (roof of the mouth). There is evidence that poor oral hygiene, such as having tooth decay, gum disease, not brushing your teeth regularly and having ill-fitted dentures (false teeth) can increase your risk of mouth cancer.