The indigenous Hawaiian population succumbed to foreign diseases, declining from 300,000 in the 1770s, to 60,000 in the 1850s, to 24,000 in 1920. Since statehood in 1959, tourism has been the largest industry, contributing 24.3% of the gross state product (GSP) in 1997, despite efforts to diversify. Despite several attempts to become a state, Hawaii remained a territory for 60 years. [132] By 1901, more than 5,000 Puerto Ricans were living in Hawaii. Hawaii’s total population grew by 4.4% between April 1, 2010 and July 1, 2018. More than any other state, Hawaii stands out when it comes to its racial and ethnic diversity. The Queen's soldiers did not resist. Hawaii is among the most diverse states in the country, owing to its central location in the Pacific and over two centuries of migration; it has the nation's only Asian American majority, largest Buddhist community,[15] and largest proportion of multiracial people. [85] Partisans on both sides of the debate questioned the accuracy and impartiality of both the Blount and Morgan reports over the events of 1893. Hawaii’s population is aging at a greater rate than the U.S. as a whole. The Rainbow State has never had a white majority. [76] Hiram Bingham I, a prominent Protestant missionary, was a trusted adviser to the monarchy during this period. Of those people, 24.7 percent were Caucasian, 14.5 percent were of Filipino descent, 13.6 percent were of Japanese descent, 8.9 percent were of Hispanic or Latino descent, 5.9 percent were of Hawaiian descent and 4.0 percent were of Chinese descent. The governor is the only state public official elected statewide; all others are appointed by the governor. 2.4%. [citation needed], The keyboard layout used for Hawaiian is QWERTY. Hawaii is one of the most racially diverse places in the world as there is no majority - everyone is in a minority. The Hawaii Board of Education requires all eligible students to take these tests and report all student test scores. Hawaii is the only state to honor a monarch, celebrating King Kamehameha Day on June 11th since 1872. They now number about 16.7% of the islands' population, according to the 2000 U.S. Census. The Japanese in Hawaii (simply Japanese or “ Local Japanese ”, rarely Kepanī) are the second largest ethnic group in Hawaii. Kilauea Hawaii Population 2020 2019, Kilauea Hawaii Population 2019, Kilauea Hawaii Population 2020, Kilauea Hawaii Demographics 2020 2019, Kilauea Hawaii Statistics 2020 2019 Jones Act-compliant vessels are often more expensive to build and operate than foreign equivalents, which can drive up shipping costs. It is customary for Hawaiian families, regardless of ethnicity, to hold a luau to celebrate a child's first birthday. Large numbers of Native Hawaiians have moved to Las Vegas, which has been called the "ninth island" of Hawaii. The state's population identified as 38.6% Asian; 24.7% White (22.7% non-Hispanic White alone); 23.6% from two or more races; 10.0% Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders; 8.9% Hispanics and Latinos of any race; 1.6% Black or African American; 1.2% from some other race; and 0.3% Native American and Alaska Native. Honolulu reached it's highest population of 371,657 in 2000. [192], Hawaii hosts numerous cultural events. [135] According to the 2008 American Community Survey, 74.6% of Hawaii's residents older than 5 speak only English at home. The music of Hawaii includes traditional and popular styles, ranging from native Hawaiian folk music to modern rock and hip hop. The six numbers may add to more than the total population and the six percentages may add to more than 100 percent because individuals may report more than one race. The annual Merrie Monarch Festival is an international Hula competition. In this manuscript, the island of Maui is named La Desgraciada (The Unfortunate Island), and what appears to be Hawaiʻi Island is named La Mesa (The Table). Hawaii's relatively consistent climate has attracted the seed industry, which is able to test three generations of crops per year on the islands, compared with one or two on the mainland. They used their influence to end many traditional practices of the people. [38], Hawaiʻi's tallest mountain Mauna Kea is 13,796 ft (4,205 m) above mean sea level;[39] it is taller than Mount Everest if measured from the base of the mountain, which lies on the floor of the Pacific Ocean and rises about 33,500 feet (10,200 m).[40]. [124], Over 120,000 (8.8%) Hispanic and Latino Americans live in Hawaii. [177], The Hawaii Tax Foundation considers the state's tax burden too high, which it says contributes to higher prices and the perception of an unfriendly business climate. [174] According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, Hawaii had the fourth-largest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 7.2%. Kona hosts the University of the Nations, which is not an accredited university. Lastly, it highlights Their descendants later discovered the islands Tahiti, Rapa Nui and later the Hawaiian Islands and New Zealand.Wilmshurst, Janet (December 27, 2010). As codified in the Constitution of Hawaii, there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The major holidays are the most popular times for outsiders to visit, especially in the winter months. Notable competitions include the Triple Crown of Surfing and The Eddie. [52] Hawaii has two national parks: Haleakalā National Park located near Kula on the island of Maui, which features the dormant volcano Haleakalā that formed east Maui, and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park in the southeast region of the Hawaiʻi Island, which includes the active volcano Kīlauea and its rift zones. "The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaiʻi." [175], Tax is collected by the Hawaii Department of Taxation. states. It has four of the largest independent schools; ʻIolani School, Kamehameha Schools, Mid-Pacific Institute and Punahou School. 186k. The state government of Hawaii is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from the kingdom era of Hawaiian history. [232][233], The Hawaiian sovereignty movement views the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii in 1893 as illegal, and views the subsequent annexation of Hawaii by the United States as illegal; the movement seeks some form of greater autonomy for Hawaii, such as free association or independence from the United States. Of the fifty U.S. states, Hawaii is the eighth-smallest in area and the 11th-least populous, but with 1.4 million residents is the 13th-most densely populated. [123] There are more than 80,000 Indigenous Hawaiians—5.9% of the population. [179][180], Hawaiian Electric Industries, a privately owned company, provides 95% of the state's population with electricity, mostly from fossil-fuel power stations. By 1919, the population declined to an astounding 22,600, due in large part to war and disease. [202] According to Alia Wong of Honolulu Civil Beat, this is due to private schools being relatively inexpensive compared to ones on the mainland as well as the overall reputations of private schools.[203]. Independent and charter schools can select their students, while the public schools are open to all students in their district. Their mythologies in particular demonstrate local reworkings of commonly shared tales. The enrolled student population at University of Hawaii at Manoa is 35.5% Asian, 23.5% Two or More Races, 19.7% White, 10% Hispanic or Latino, 3.23% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders, 1.39% Black or African American, and 0.153% American Indian or Alaska Native. The 5 largest ethnic groups in Hawaii are Asian (Non-Hispanic) (36.7%), White (Non-Hispanic) (21.7%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (19.3%), Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander (Non-Hispanic) (9.5%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (5.03%). [140] Kimura and Wilson say, "[l]inguists agree that Hawaiian is closely related to Eastern Polynesian, with a particularly strong link in the Southern Marquesas, and a secondary link in Tahiti, which may be explained by voyaging between the Hawaiian and Society Islands". [citation needed], Hawaiian distinguishes between long and short vowel sounds. According to historian William Russ, the monarchy was unable to protect itself.[83]. “We’re not the new kids on the block,” said Aiea resident Marie Villa, who is Mexican. Thus, parties are usually in the form of potlucks. Interestingly, Hawaii is the only state to have a tri-racial group as its largest multiracial group, one that includes white, Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (22%). [181], The median home value in Hawaii in the 2000 U.S. Census was US$272,700, while the national median home value was US$119,600. [126], The third group of foreigners to arrive in Hawaii were from China. Retrieved December 9, 2020. Hawaii also made a major contribution to country music with the introduction of the steel guitar.[188]. PMC 3033267. Access to uninhabited Kahoʻolawe island is also restricted. 423k. Hawaii is represented in the United States Congress by two senators and two representatives. [162], A 2012 poll by Gallup found that Hawaii had the largest proportion of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) adults in the U.S., at 5.1%, comprising an estimated adult LGBT population of 53,966 individuals. [citation needed], Polynesian mythology is the oral traditions of the people of Polynesia, a grouping of Central and South Pacific Ocean island archipelagos in the Polynesian triangle together with the scattered cultures known as the Polynesian outliers. [201] Private schools educated over 17% of students in Hawaii that school year, nearly three times the approximate national average of 6%. [168] Hawaiian exports include food and clothing. Cook abducted the King of Hawaiʻi Island, Kalaniʻōpuʻu, and held him for ransom aboard his ship in order to gain return of Cook's boat, as this tactic had previously worked in Tahiti and other islands. HCE speakers use some Hawaiian words without those words being considered archaic. The lexicon of HCE derives mainly from English but also uses words that have derived from Hawaiian, Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese, Ilocano and Tagalog. [46][47], The Kīlauea erupted in May 2018, opening 22 fissure vents on its East Rift Zone. Race and Ethnicity by Place in Hawaii There are 151 places in Hawaii. Data for all other years are for July 1. [189] Native Hawaiian musician and Hawaiian sovereignty activist Israel Kamakawiwoʻole, famous for his medley of "Somewhere Over the Rainbow/What a Wonderful World", was named "The Voice of Hawaii" by NPR in 2010 in its 50 great voices series.[190]. After a consistent decline since 1970, Hawaii's population of Caucasians has been gradually increasing since 2000, when they made up 24.3% of the island's residents, to 2015 when their percentage increased to 26.7%. [125], The five largest European ancestries in Hawaii are German (7.4%), Irish (5.2%), English (4.6%), Portuguese (4.3%) and Italian (2.7%). [citation needed] These Polynesians remained in the islands; they eventually became the Hawaiian people and their languages evolved into the Hawaiian language. Seaflite operated hydrofoils between the major islands in the mid-1970s. To ensure these plants set seed, biologists rappel down 3,000-foot (910 m) cliffs to brush pollen onto their stigmas. In 2012, 14.5% of the resident population under age 1 was non-Hispanic white. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, The Ethnic Composition Of The Population Of Hawaii. [70] During the 1850s, measles killed a fifth of Hawaiʻi's people. Native Hawaiian 37,656 . Total population: 1,211,537: 100.0: Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 87,699: 7.2 While the Jones Act does not affect transportation of goods to Hawaii directly from Asia, this type of trade is nonetheless not common; this is a result of other primarily economic reasons including additional costs associated with stopping over in Hawaii (e.g. Hawaii is a majority-minority state. Instead, state law enforcement responsibilities are taken on by the municipal police agencies of the four main islands. Hawaiian Airlines, Mokulele Airlines and go! "High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia". [177], State Senator Sam Slom says state taxes are comparatively higher than other states because the state government handles education, health care, and social services that are usually handled at a county or municipal level in most other states. The least populous of the compared places has a population of 5,987. McKinley was open to persuasion by U.S. expansionists and by annexationists from Hawaiʻi. Pacific Buddhist Academy, the second Buddhist high school in the U.S. and first such school in Hawaii, was founded in 2003. Kai Kahele represents the 2nd congressional district, representing the rest of the state, which is largely rural and semi-rural. Hawaii is a 10,931 square mile state with a population of about 1,427,538 people according to 2017 estimates by the US Census Bureau. Kamehameha is known for uniting the Hawaiian Islands in 1810. During the 2011–2012 school year, Hawaii public and charter schools had an enrollment of 181,213,[200] while private schools had 37,695. There are eight main Hawaiian islands, seven of which are permanently inhabited. During the 19th century, the increase in immigration—mainly from China, Japan, Portugal—especially from the Azores and Madeira, and Spain—catalyzed the development of a hybrid variant of English known to its speakers as pidgin. Most of Hawaii experiences only two seasons; the dry season runs from May to October and the wet season is from October to April. [182] Research from the National Association of Realtors places the 2010 median sale price of a single family home in Honolulu, Hawaii, at US$607,600 and the U.S. median sales price at US$173,200. Kamehameha III chose the largest city, Honolulu, as his capital because of its natural harbor—the present-day Honolulu Harbor. The 2016 Cook Partisan Voting Index ranks Hawaii as the most heavily Democratic state in the nation. [71], Historical records indicated the earliest Chinese immigrants to Hawaiʻi originated from Guangdong Province; a few sailors had arrived in 1778 with Captain Cook's journey, and more arrived in 1789 with an American trader who settled in Hawaiʻi in the late 18th century. The cuisine of Hawaii is a fusion of many foods brought by immigrants to the Hawaiian Islands, including the earliest Polynesians and Native Hawaiian cuisine, and American, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Polynesian, Puerto Rican, and Portuguese origins. Such immigration and labor practices were prohibited in many states. [citation needed] The population of Hawaii began to finally increase after an influx of primarily Asian settlers that arrived as migrant laborers at the end of the 19th century.[108]. Race and Hispanic origin in Honolulu County as a percentage of the total population, expressed as percentage point difference from Hawaii. [229], Political organizations seeking some form of sovereignty for Hawaii have been active since the late 19th century. The average annual growth rate was 0.5%. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, Internal Revenue Service and the Secret Service maintain their offices there; the building is also the site of the federal District Court for the District of Hawaii and the United States Attorney for the District of Hawaii. Hawaii is the 50th and the most recent constituent state of the United States having been admitted in August 1959. Since 2000 the percentage of Asians in Hawaii has been steadily declining. Housing unit data are also released annually. The Population of Hawaii Going Forward . The Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Peace and the Co-Cathedral of Saint Theresa of the Child Jesus serve as seats of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Honolulu. O'ahu is the most populous island; it has the highest population density with a resident population of just under one million in 597 square miles (1,546 km 2 ), approximately 1,650 people per square mile. 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